Friday , January 22 2021

1859 Carrington Event | Hackeday



In the sense of many Victorian people, Richard Carrington does not need to cheat himself with labor; Instead, he turned his energy into a philosophy of natural philosophy. It was an area of ​​astronomy field on which Kerryton would apply itself, but like other people of similar nature, he did not study his study as a sun set, but he grew up. Our star showed great interest to Carrington and he would be surprised by what he saw on his face in the morning on September 1, 1859. That morning, he sketched an unusual group of sunspots, the area was in a flashy flash because the unlimited amount stored in the twisted rope of the Sun's magnetic field was fired, billions of stars starred ahead in the collision. Course with Earth

Carring saw a solar explosion, and as a result, coronal mass ejections that hit the Earth after 17 hours can result in a ground magnetic storm which will be global news next day and take its name in the future. The 1859 Carrington event is a glimpse of what our star is capable of in the right circumstances, which means that we have given the web of fragile connections around and around the planet.

Mortifying Spectacle

Richard C. Carrollton. Source: SolarStorms.org

Solar Science was in his childhood in 1859, and while the Kerington tools were crude by today's standards – a 4-1 / 2 "Equatorial Mount Telescope represents an image on a white card – that was enough. By using similar tools, astronomers left the Sun's secrets Began to extract, which found that the number of sunspots and their position on the sun's face are found in the wheel. They also Knew that sunlight was associated with observable phenomena on Earth, such as Aurora Borealis and Aurora Austrilis, and that there was a clear connection between solar activity and the magnetic field of the earth. Some solar observations were also magnetized to record changes on Earth, and they Can be linked to solar activity.

Carrington, which was lucky enough to see the event on September 1, was an event that would have been in the Sun's multi-term period. Sun observers reported a large number of sunlight that started from August 28th, in which there was a strong aurora on unusually low latitudes from that night. It suggests that one or more sunspots made enough energy solar flares and coronal mass ejections (CME) to flush the plasma cloud on Earth in the first two days – when the electromagnetic effects of solar flares are visible about this. After that, it takes about eight minutes to spend between 93 million miles (150 million kilometers) between sun and earth.

Carrington's Observations of Sunlight observed on September 1, 1859 A volcano was started in white territories (A and B) and spreading a full face of 35,000 miles-wide cluster five minutes before fading. Source: Richard Carrington [Public domain], By the Wikimedia Commons

It will break out more than what the sun leaves on September 1. On that day, Kerrington's regular inspection of sunspot cluster was blocked locally at 11:18 local time, moving towards the entire face of the sunlight before it disappeared and disappeared through two sharp bright white blisters of light. He first thought that something had happened with his device and his direct sunlight was exposed on his screen, but it became clear that he sees something rare and unusual. He arrived to find someone to look for the event, but when he returned after a minute, it was "verbally to find out that he had already been transformed and excited." The whole thing lasted less than five minutes.

But, it will have huge results in the energy released in a few minutes. Gigaton explosion of the particles charged from the Sun's surface were exploded to ride on Earth's collision course with twisted tumors of the Sun's magnetic flux. Carrington had seen that only 18 hours before the arrival of the volcano, we know that the previous solar flares had cleared the space between the Earth and the Sun, so that the plasma cloud was normal for a million miles (1.6 million km) per hour; Or maybe CME that arrived on the night of September 2 was originally released by the previously unreliable solar flare.

The rising sun

The source does not matter, the incoming creature has caused a geological storm in epic proportions. Earth's magnetosphere has been violently moved aside, allowing the pure particles to move into the atmosphere and to produce strong aurora with a pair of gas molecules. Light was seen on the latitudes near the tropics in the northern and southern hemisphere; People report on reading the newspaper on the street at midnight and forgetting the brilliant performance for sunrise and starting their daytime hours early on.

As a horror featuring old age, they were also a background for the destructive energy that was going down on Earth. Like a geological storm on 1989, the disruptions of the Earth's magnetic field finally reached the point of collapse. NASA has a good simulation video, which is used as an image on the top of the article. In the disruptive magnetic field, its collected terawatts of energy returned to Earth. Being a little less in the way of electrical infrastructure, most of the time in the present most harmlessly deprived. But the Nassant Telegraph Network will suffer losses. Telegraph offices report outage and connection problems, switchgear cracked and sparked, and when operators shocked when they touched Keys. Some offices reported loss because the paper tape was compromised in the recording receivers.

The storm continued for two days, harmful telegraph tools worldwide. Some operators, in an attempt to protect their networks from further damage, disconnected their batteries from the lines, only to find that they could still send messages using the current provided by storm. The wires on the poles attach enough energy to give them light on the fire, and the damage was significant. When the storm ended, millions of dollars damaged lucky networks.

So lose more

Within one and a half years after Richard Carringe's inspection, solar scientists studied the Carrington Event and discovered ice-core and other records for evidence of similar storms that hit Earth. Everything that was found so far has been found in comparison to the 1859 post-haphazard disasters. Of course, there is too much to miss near. One, the "Carrington class" CME launched by the 2012 "Solar Flyer", has been separated from Earth for just nine days in its orbital space.

One of London's well-known insurers Lloyds, such as losing a lot in this event, started a study today to estimate the effect of the striking striking carrington-level event on Earth. They knew that these parts were very high, 160 greys, switches, repeaters, satellites, and radios included in our grid, they would not mention our full reliance on the services built on the infrastructure. They concluded that the loss of the grid alone in the United States can be increased by $ 2.6 trillion, in which power bases last for two years.


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