If you are more active at night, whether it's reading, working, or for some reason, you should pay a little attention to your health. Do you eat well? Do you get enough sleep? These questions were raised by a series of researchers, they came to an important conclusion.
People who live late are more likely to suffer Cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes Than in the beginning. Thus, a study conducted by the University of Northumbria (United Kingdom) concludes that delaying (or getting up early) sleep analyzes whether health is affected or not.
The reason given by researchers, whose work was published in Advance in Nutrition, is that People with night selection They are at greater risk of having poor health because they follow more defective eating practices and use more unhealthy foods.
What does night owl do?
Studies suggest that people who later go to bed have a habit of eating unhealthy, Uses more alcohol, candy, caffeinated drinks and fast food than the initial risers. In addition, their diet has less grains and vegetables and eats less often, but larger meals, which affect the chances of long-suffering disease. On the contrary, early risers eat more fruits and vegetables a day.
"Provides increased knowledge in relation to scientific evidence Chronotype (Day or night habit), these Food And Health Cardiometabolic. Generally, cross-sectional studies suggest that in the afternoon, chronotypes are associated with less amount of fruits and vegetables and energy, alcoholic, salt and caffeinated beverages, as well as more energy from natural foods. Scientists taking part in this study Leonidas G. Kargainis
Eating late during the day "Type 2 is related to the increased risk of diabetes because the circadian rhythm affects the body in the metabolism of glucose."Glucose decreases throughout the day and reaches its lowest point at night. After that, people who go to sleep before going to bed have a very high level, which does not follow the body's biological process.
These people who shift, especially affect the shift, because they consistently adjust their body clock for working hours. Researchers have found that this reduces their sensitivity to insulin and affects their glucose tolerance, which increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes. "Being in the evening chronotype It increases the risk of heart disease and type 2 diabetes, That can be done by eating behavior and eating poor diet. It is also found in our review that those who have less control of their diabetes are more likely to be late, a participant in the study said. Susanna Almosavi said.
And what happens in childhood and adolescence?
It has also been concluded in the study that people's choices for late and early change in the early stages of the life cycle. In the morning the chronotype is more common in boys and when the baby is only three weeks old. This changes during childhood. More than 90 percent of people aged two years have choices in the morning, but The percentage goes up to 58 percent at the age of six years and advances towards the nightly selection during youth. This choice continues for the night until the adult age reaches 50 years, which they prefer in the morning.
"It releases an important difference in our understanding How our biological clock affects the consumption of food in children, children and the elderly. While most children synchronize their body clock with their mothers, when they reach the age of six years, it is noted that signs of developing chronotypic evolution greatly begin to happen. Dr. Almosavi said that we do not know whether physical changes, school schedules or social schedules determine this change.
He added: "In teenagers, we also find that Niternal chronotype It is related to excessive eating behavior and poor diet. This can have important implications for health in adults, because most of the eating habits are found in adolescence. "
After all, it was also found in this study Night owl They can collect sleep deprivation during the week and can sleep to give more returns at the end of the week, while those who woke up early in the week have minor differences in their sleep patterns.