Three years ago, after cultivating lettuce in space, crew members running at the International Space Station might be growing beans in 2021, as new research suggests.
Bean can be sown in high-tech plants developed in Norwegian Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU).
Cultivators can regulate the vegetation required for water, nutrients, gases and plants.
NTNU said it was collaborating with Italian and French researchers in their search for plant based food crops for long distance travel.
To sustain the crew in a future deep space mission, the food grown in the place can be crucial.
The longest stay at the International Space Station has been six months, while people traveling to Mars need to be ready to stay in space for at least one year.
European Space Agency plans to build Moon as a stopover on Mars route in 2030. NASA plans to fly directly on the planet with a target date of 2030.
Researchers have conducted three experiments in the study published in the journal Life – the first two experiments had defined the effect of restricted routing and nutrient solution volumes, and based on the third experiment, the responses of various nitrate nutrient solution plants were evaluated. Concentration
"We have found that plants can 'smell' the nutrients available to them. When nitrogen concentrations are very low, the plant will absorb more water and thus it will reach the best level until it absorbs more nitrogen . " Wolf, Space (CIRS) Center for Interdisciplinary Research in Plant Physiologist, is part of NTNU Social Research.
"There is a mechanism in the plant that starts when the level of nitrogen is sufficient, then it adjusts both nitrogen and water absorption," Wolf adds.
Researchers have said that everything tested on earth is now handled.
At the next stage, the ability to transport water and the ability to absorb nutrients is to grow bean in space to see the effect of gravity. The absence of gravity can not be done on the simulating earth.
Beans will be placed in a centrifuge to grow and grow at a space station. Centrifuges will be rotated to create different amounts of gravity.
Wolff said, "The figure of getting something to grow in space can be transferred to our planet."
"In this way we have created a set that produces both the space station and the microgravity mode of the existing 1-G (gravity) force on Earth."
It can compare how many gravitational layers affect the space plants.
"The dream of every astronaut is able to eat fresh foods such as strawberries, cherry tomatoes or really delicious things. Sometimes it will definitely be possible." We imagine greenhouses with different varieties of vegetables, "Wolff said.