According to the Ministry of Health of the Congo, 245 people died of virus after Ebola outbreaks in Congo's Democratic Republic in August, and 426 people are infected with dangerous virus. Thus, the Ebola epidemic is now considered the second most difficult in history, the country has already hit the tenth time by the Ebola epidemic. Regarding most cases in the city of Bay in the east of the country, it is particularly difficult to control the virus, because some military and armed groups in the Northern Kivu region are active, in which situations like home war, making them difficult to work.
Ebola can be transmitted by body fluids like blood or vomiting. With the last spread in the early summer, a vaccine is used, but this is still not permitted and it will be given as part of the "vaccination study" with the consent of the affected. In addition to medical staff, Ebola patients and their contact persons are contacted. Assistants have been given medicines recently for the treatment of their patients.
According to the Tropical Medicine Specialist Christian Clean, these two achievements – drugs and vaccines – can be an important supplement for the six pillars (see the information box) in the fight against the Ebola. There is a clean bay for two weeks.
Mr. Klein, you're in Beni in the so-called Transit Center where people test for Ebola. How Testing Works?
We will do the first test, and if it is negative then we will do another one after 48 hours. During this time, we try to make sure that people who die otherwise are considered to be comorbbys – they are thought to be malaria or pneumonia. We do not have everyone Ebola, it's just a fraction. However, must be tested.
And if the patient is positively tested for Ebola?
It is then transferred to the treatment center. After 48 hours, two negative tests will also be transferred to other hospitals where treatment is possible for their condition.
The transit center is on the football field. It looks like a temporary solution, but it's a high-security zone. How are the working conditions and health conditions on site?
They are very good. MSF has standards that have been similar for many years. It has been shown that the way we work and make treatment centers work. We are not doing this for the first time. It's really a high security area because here are Ebola victims. Therefore, work is also done in protective suits.
Currently, reports indicate that the number of daily new infections is increasing. Does it mean that the spread of Ebola virus increases?
It is very difficult to evaluate. It can be reduced again. We know this in Ebola, patients always come in waves. But there are new diseases every day. Unfortunately, this includes cases where the infection chains are not yet clear to us. This means that patients who are not already infected with infected patients are infected.