Vienna It was a long overdue step for environmentalists: Turquoise-blue government wants to ban plastic bags by the beginning of 2020. And generally: from thin fruit bags to thick carrying bags in electronics and clothing stores. On Sunday, it was announced in the press release by Environment Minister Elizabeth Costinger (ÖVP). One plan, five answers.
1 What exactly does the government want to ban?
Much. Plastic bags are gone, and in the whole industry. This only affects supermarkets (which often offers more environmentally friendly options), but also affects wardrobe chains such as H & M, Kebab's shops, delivery services, pharmacy etc. The plastic bag is a hand held item. So the bag of garbage is excluded, as well as the complete biodegradable (bioplastic) sekran. But do not just go to Sakal. The restriction of microplastic particles in cosmetics and detergents is expected by 2020. Costinger says, overall, "by 2025, 20 to 25 percent of plastic packaging should be reduced." The comparative issue is the amount of garbage in 2016. Costanger announced a round table for retailers and leading industry representatives, who needed a solution for implementing.
2 Why is a ban required?
Plastic is a problem. In Austria every year 5,000 to 7,000 tons of plastic bags are produced. They also end in streets, farms and rivers. Daily 100kg plastic land alone (!) In Danube, according to the Costinger Office. The problem is one on a global scale. Over 80% of garbage waste in the sea is plastic. Whales, dolphins, birds that die from dreadful plastic are no longer scarce. According to a study by the World Economic Forum, if there is no change, then in 2050 there would be more plastic living in the ocean. Plastic also damages humans. The microplastic particles are so small that they are not filtered – and the soil on the dirty water in the body.
3 Attempts to insert plastic waste have existed so far?
In late October, the EU states voted in favor of a ban on disposable plastic. Plastic plates, straw, cotton buds and other plastic disposable products will be made EU-wide. By 2030 environmental damage of € 22 billion can be avoided. Austria's attack is very hard. SECWARBAUT currently does not exist in the EU Directive.
4 What do opponents say? How does this trade absorb?
Behavior. Federal Trade chairman Peter Buchular says that the chamber of commerce considers the general ban "not from our point of view". He discovered that "voluntary agreements with large retailers work well to reduce the use of plastic bags". The managing director of the trade association, Rainer will wish again that "high quality reusable plastic carrier in the business can be responsible for paying carrier bags." Ultimately "not thrown out after purchase." The local plastic industry, of course, does not like restrictions. The disadvantage of Europe's industry against Asia, which is responsible for more plastic beach property.
5 Why are plastic options problematic?
Environmental organization Greenpeace warned that a plastic bag can not be replaced with a bag made of paper or bioplastics. Paper bags will require more energy in production than plastic bags. But bioplastics also did not give any benefit to experts in relation to the evaluation of lifecycle – and it is more susceptible to the deficiency of fertilizers that are compromised. Also, glass bottles (a little more) are problematic. After all, reusable glass bottles are not better than disposable plastic bottles in the evaluation of the life cycle. In 2011, the German Institute for Energy and Environmental Research had calculated that the evaluation of the lifecycle was similar to both. For plastic bags, according to Greenpeace, only Mehervegreselan (such as stoverscrailan) is environmentally friendly.
("Die Press", print edition, 03.12.2018)