Saturday , January 16 2021

What is the meaning of abbreviations in the blood picture?

After the blood test and the next discussion with the doctor, many patients want to read the lab report again. But the document connects with technical terms and abbreviations. We give an overview of the most important values.

LDL, GTP And RBC – These are the common brief words from the lab report after blood tests. Almost everyone has the opportunity to do something, at any stage, as part of the health check-up or before the operation. If it turns out that one or the other value is not within the normal range, then there is no reason to panic. Blood value is subject to variation.

That is why it is important to only waste on the outcome – but to work with a doctor to see what each person has value. However, it does not hurt to know the meaning of abbreviations. A glance:

Blood Lipids: LDL, HDL

Lipids are also called blood lipids, which include cholesterol. LDL (Low Density Lipoprotein) and HDL (High Density Lipoprotein) Cholesterol. LDL ensures that liver-made cholesterol supplies the body while HDL transfers too much cholesterol to the liver. Board member Mathieu Oth of the Professional Association of German Laboratory Physicians explains that "the value of LDL cholesterol is low." Optimal is LDL value of less than 160 milligrams (mg) per decilator (dl). If LDL If the value is repeated above this, then this is the risk factor of articlarosis.


Glucose, also called blood sugar in speech, is usually measured. The general value of blood glucose level is measured on empty stomach. That means you should not eat for 8 to 10 hours. Any healthy person has fasting blood sugar of less than 100 milligram per dekliter (mg / dl) or 5.6 liters per liter (mmol / l). According to the rule, the price after meal does not exceed 140 milligram / dl (7.8 mmol / l).

"Diabetes mellitus is diagnosed when the fasting level exceeds 126 mg / dl," says Orth. Between 100 to 125 mg / dl (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / l) fasting sugar indicates poor glucose tolerance. But this means that in future the risk of developing diabetes increases. "It's not a disease yet." Very little glucose reading indicates low blood sugar. Then a quick medical step is needed because it can be life-threatening.

A remedy for fasting 100 and 125 mg / dl (5.6 to 6.9 mmol / L) suggests that prebias is the anterior-type 2 diabetes type.

Kidney Function

Generally, stay Uray and creatinine Checked out. Creatine is a metabolite that results in cranitine acid disorder. Creatine provides our muscles with energy. It is made up of kidneys, liver and pancreas. Creatinine value provides kidney function information in return. The general value of creatine is 0.66 to 1.09 mg / dl (women) and 0.84 to 1.44 mg / dl (men).

In the case of urea, the general value for women is between 17 and 43 mg / dl for men between 18 and 55 mg / dl. If the values ​​are excessive, then there is usually a kidney deficiency. However, fewer kidney levels do not require sickness.

Liver Values: GOT, GPT, Gama G-T

Increasing use of alcohol can increase the liver function. This can damage the liver and prevent important functions such as metabolism. Four enzyme GOT, GPT, gamma-GT and alkaline phosphates (AP) are handled. GOT is used for glutamate-oxyocetet transaminase, GTP Glutamate-Piruveet is an abbreviation of transaminase. Gamma-GT is used for gamma-glutamil-transfers. In women, the value is less than 35 liters (U / L) in value, values ​​can be slightly higher.

Erythrocytes: RBC, E.I.I.

These are red blood cells – they are often called RBCs or ERIs in the lab report. Are briefly in. Arithrosacents are responsible for channelizing oxygen through the body. For men, there is an average of 4.3 to 5.6 million "erys" per micro rol cutter, for women it is from 4.0 to 5.4 million "erys". The adviser-author Matthia Basistkets explains, "If the above values, due to heart or lung diseases, indicate low oxygen content in the blood." The reason for increased values ​​can be about the use of heavy tobacco. Very low erythrocytes may be an indicator of iron deficiency. It may also be an indicator of Tumor's disease.

Leucocytes: LEUK, WBC

It is related to white blood cells – briefly called LEUK or WBC. Standard values ​​for men and women are between 4,000 to 10,000 blood cells per micro rol cutter. Leukocytes have the function of replacing pathogens. There are three groups: granulocytes, monocytes and lymphocytes. Very high values ​​indicate acute infection with bacteria, fungi or parasites. If the value is very low, then it may be a sign among other things to increase liver disease or spike.

Platelets: PLT, TRHO

PLT or TRHO are abbreviations for platelets. This blood contains a small, disc-shaped platelet. They are important by blood clots. Between 150,000 to 400,000 platelets per micro rol cutter is common in both men and women. An advanced level can be a sign of severe infection. Platelet values ​​give important signs of diseases. Lower levels may be due to acute iron deficiency or vitamin B12 deficiency, but anemia or leukemia is also possible.

Hemoglobin: Hgb, hg

Hemoglobin is a red blood pigment. Her brief words: HGB or HG. Its Functions: To Build Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide in Blood Generally, hemoglobin in men's blood is between 14 to 18 grams per deciliter, between 12 to 16 grams of women. Lower level iron deficiency indicates anemia. Higher values ​​can increase the risk of stroke.

Hematocrit: HCT, HCT, H.K.

Hemotocrit (Brief: HCT, HCT or Hk) indicates how much solid and liquid components are in the blood. In general, 40 to 52 percent of men and 37 to 45 percent of women are hematotrite. High value is the indicator that the blood is thicker. Then there is a risk that there is a form of blood clots. At the elevated level, the risk of heart disease increased, but there is also a stroke. Low levels indicate anemia.

Important note: This information does not change professional advice or treatment by trained and recognized doctors. The contents of should not be used or used to independently diagnose or start treatment.

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