Jennifer Peltz and Matthew Barakat, The Associated Press
Published on Tuesday, November 13, 2018 9:06 AM EST
Last Updated Tuesday, November 13, 2018 12:03 PM EST
NEW YORK – The two communities that learned about Tuesday are about to become home to a pair of big, new East Coast bases for Amazon are both riverfront stretches of major metropolitan areas with ample transport and space for workers.
But there are plenty of differences between New York's Long Island City and Crystal City in Northern Virginia.
Set in eyeshot of the country's capital, Crystal City is a thicket of the 1980s-era office towers trying to plug into new economic energy after thousands of federal jobs moved to elsewhere.
Rapidly growing Long Island City is an old manufacturing area already being reinvented as a hub for 21st-century industry, creativity and urbane living.
Seattle-based Amazon, which set out last year to situate one additional headquarters, announced that it was splitting its project into two.
A look at the two communities:
LONG ISLAND CITY
It's already the fastest-developing neighborhood in the country's most populous city, and Amazon could pump up the volume in the buzzy part of Queens.
The addition of Amazon to the neighborhood stands to burnish New York City's reputation as a tech capital. Landing Amazon also cements Long Island City's transformation from a faded manufacturing zone to a vibrant, of-the-moment enclave of waterfront skyscrapers, modernized warehouses and artsy-tech ambience across the East River from Midtown Manhattan.
"I'm joke that we're experiencing explosive growth 30 years in the making," said Elizabeth Lusskin, president of the Long Island City Partnership, a neighborhoodhood development group.
But Long Island City has been straining to handle its growth.
Days before Tuesday's announcement, The City announced an $ 180 million plan to address Long Island City's packed schools, street design and a sewer system that groans in heavy rain. But those projects will just catch up with current needs, said area City Councilman Jimmy van Bramer.
"I know that there are a lot of people cheerleading for this, but HQ2 has to work for the Queens and the people of Queens. It can not just be good for Amazon," said van Bramer, a Democrat.
Once a bustling factory and freight-moving area, Long Island City saw many of its plants and warehouses closed as manufacturing shriveled in New York City.
The neighbourhood's rebirth began in the 1980s, when the authorities broached redeveloping a swath of the waterfront, while the artists were drawn by warehouse spaces, and now the MoMA PS1 museum. Silvercup Studios – where such TV shows as "Sex and the City," "30 Rock" and "The Sopranos" were filmed – opened in 1983.
Long Island City gained a new commercial stature, when the banking giant now called Citi opened an office tower in 1989. But the area's growth lately has been driven by residential building.
Some 9,150 new apartments and homes have been built since 2010, according to the city Planning Department. Thousands more units are in the works.
New York has striven for nearly a decade to position itself as a tech hotspot.
Venture capitalists poured $ 5.8 billion into New York-area startups last quarter, more than any other region except the San Francisco area, according to the consulting and accounting firm PwC. Established tech giants, including Google and Facebook, have been expanding their New York footprints.
Still, landing HQ2 represents "incredible validation of just how far New York has come," said Jonathan Bowles, executive director of the Center for an Urban Future think tank.
Waiting for a subway, Long Island City community board chairwoman Denise Keehan-Smith could envision Amazon benefiting the neighborhood.
"But I think we have to be careful about it," she said.
If any place in America can absorb 25,000 Amazon jobs without disruption, it may well be Crystal City, Virginia, where nearly those many jobs have vanished over the last 15 years.
The neighborhood in Arlington County is bounded by the Potomac River and the nation's capital on one side, by the Pentagon on another and Reagan National Airport on a third.
Despite its prime location and abundant transportation options, the neighborhood has been hit by a massive outflow of jobs. The Patent and Trademark Office started moving over more than 7,000 jobs out of Crystal City in 2003. In 2005, the Defense Department announced plans to move roughly 17,000 jobs elsewhere as part of a base realignment.
Arlington County has worked hard to bring in new employers, and had some success. The Public Broadcasting Service moved its headquarters to Crystal City in 2006.
Still, big swaths of the neighbourhood remain vacant. Among other challenges, the area has fought to overcome a reputation for outdated architecture.
Crystal City is populated by '70s and' 80s-era office buildings. The buildings are connected by a network of tunnels populated with food-court style dining options, hair salons and newsstands. The tunnels leave the ground-level outdoor streetscape sometimes looking empty.
Brookings Institution urban planner Jenny Schuetz suggested the buildings may require a upgrade, or even replacement. But she noted that while people often associate tech companies with converted lofts or state-of-the art workspaces, many large Silicon Valley tech companies actually work out of '80s-era office buildings.
For all the talk about antiquated architecture, people who have actually worked in Crystal City appreciate its convenience and its worker-friendly features, including the tunnels.
"I loved it here," said Christine Gentry of Greenbelt, Maryland, as she ate breakfast in a largely empty food court. She works for the Patent and Trademark Office and preferred the days when her office was in Crystal City.
"Everything is accessible here," she said. "When it rained or snowing or sleeting, I never had to go out."
Perhaps no place better illustrates the vibe of Crystal City than the region's only revolving restaurant, the Skydome atop the Doubletree Crystal City. Diners enjoy a panoramic view of the D.C. skyline, completing a full rotation every 47 minutes.
Sam Getachew, the hotel's food and beverage manager, said the restaurant fits the neighborhood's retro atmosphere.
"It's huge draw," Getachew said. "People come for the curiosity of it."
The only downside, he said, is that "when customers get up to go to the restroom, they do not know where they are when they come back."
When Amazon announced its plans Tuesday, it said its footprint will extend beyond Crystal City into the adjacent neighborhoods of the Pentagon City and Potomac Yard, which have collectively been dubbed "National Landing" by the region's economic development officials.
Barakat reported from Arlington, Virginia