Friday , May 7 2021

Astronaut: NASA must fund this mission to save the planet from asteroid



  • Small asteroids can clash with the power of many nuclear weapons on earth and destroy the entire city.
  • A small part of such asteroids is estimated to be found, but by 2020, NASA detects up to 90%.
  • Retired Astronaut Rusty SveiCart says that the relatively inexpensive space telescope called Earth Earth Camera, these space rocks – and can be found quickly.
  • NASA has often refused to fund the NOOCM because the agency's selection process is weighted against the telescope.
  • Neochem's supporters say that in the NASA budget, telescopes require only 40 million dollars to launch into space.
  • President Trump and Congress are on the increase in NASA's budget to support this mission.

Former NASA ex-astronaut says that the agency that works for it is mandatory to protect civilians from the killer asteroid, but it does not meet that responsibility.

The risk of asteroid strikes seems abstract as an external scope. But the risks, while reckless, are real – and the most powerful nuclear weapons are potentially more deadly than the threat of explosion.

Death Risk From Above

In 1908, space rock is believed to be several hundred miles in diameter, which glide at Earth's atmosphere at thousands of hours, resulting in the explosion of the foreign body in the remote Tunguska region of Russia with the power of thermonuclear weapon. The resulting blast caused trees to flatten in almost double the size of New York City.

A photograph of trees broken by the Tughuska event in 1908.
Wikimedia Commons

Recently, in 2013, a massive 70-foot meteor show shot at Chelyabinsk of Russia. The controversial Firebaugh broke into countless windows and sent more than 1000 people to hospitals in many cities, many of them with dozens of serious injuries.

We know that they are there

NASA is guarded by these types of risks – and therefore there are also legal authorities.

In 2005, Congress created one of the agency's seven main goals to track 460 feet (140 m) and upwards of 90% of asteroids, which could be worse than the Tunguska-level event. The time limit for legally mandatory goal is 2020.

So far, on Earth and in space, the telescope has seen less than one-third of Earth's nearest Earth objects (NEO) and NASA fails to hit its timeline almost.

The same area of ​​disaster for Tunguska-sized asteroids over New York City
NASA

Practically, this means that according to a June 2018 report published by the White House, there are a large number of thousands of neo to get out of the city.

The same report concludes that half the locations in such space will be located by 2033, with current and organizational capabilities.

read more: 5 billion tons of iron meteors once hurled into Greenland – and scientists found it under its Paris-size cutter ice

We have the technology to deal with the problem

Retired astronaut Rachel "Rusty" Schivikart, who runs the Apollo 9 and SkyWell missions, says that there is a solution to wait for this problem: NASA, Nature and Orbit Object Camera (NEOCAM) can start, which is a small infrared observatory, in space .

"It's a definitive discovery telescope to save life on Earth, and it's ready to go," Schwitch told Business Insider at The Economist Space Summit on November 1.

NOOCAM's designers have given NASA a number of missions. The mission has received several million dollars here and there to continue its development in response to the proposals, but the agency has refused to provide full funding in every instance, because it is not a purely science-targeted mission.

"Provide funds for God's sake, as a main medium program. Do not put up with science yet another competition," Schwart said. "This is a public security program."

How the NEOCAM & # 39; City Killer & # 39; Will hunt for asteroids

Imagery of NO OCAM Asteroid-hunting Telescope Artist
NASA / JPL-Caltech

Space rocks reflect sunlight.

The telescope, which is looking at the right place at the right time, can detect the light of the spot in the black color of the space. This allows scientists to calculate the quantity, speed, orbit of the NEC and ultimately go to the Earth.

Smaller Neo, however, is not very bright. This means that a telescope should be big, look up a lot in the sky, and use the most advanced hardware to choose them. This monster takes too long to build and calibrate the telescope and budget-crushing is expensive.

For example, take the Large Synopic Survey Telescope (LSST), which is the world's best current hope for finding killer asteroids. The project was broken in 2015 and is expected to cost approximately $ 5 billion to build. Based on its current construction schedule, by the end of 2021, it will not be fully functional, or will be able to complete 90% of the target targeted by the Congress for the 2030s.

read more: How big asteroids must be in order to destroy the city, state, country or planet

LSST, such as land based observatories, also comes with two main limitations.

First of all: "You can not see asteroids near the sun. You are in the dark by the sky," director of the Planetary Science Institute and NicCom team scientist Mark Cyx told Business Insider earlier. "We just have to wait until we pop up against those people."

Cycus said that the second conundrum is that ground-based telescopes mainly depend on the visible light for the discovery. "If [an asteroid] On a dark surface, it will become very difficult to see, "he said.

Infrared Camera Sensor for Proposed Neocam Asteroids-Hunting Mission
Tellynn

Because Nikoom is in place, these two problems are mentioned, where Sykes says, "You are not blind by the sky."

Telescope Advance will also use high-resolution infrared cameras. Infrared is the long wavelength of light that is invisible in our eyes, but if the source is strong – say, a roaring fire – we can heat invisible light on our skin.

Tropical asteroid infrared releases light from the sun, radioactive elements, or both, whether it is too small to look at ground-based telescope or dark. Which means that the NOOCM can only detect them through their heat signatures.

This approach has already proven to work.

NASA's eight-year-old Wide-field Infrared Survey Explorer (WISSE) is the main example of the telescope, at least 230 neo and 49 potentially dangerous asteroids or PHOs (so named because they come within 4.6 million miles of Earth. ).

Earlier asteroids existed earlier than they thought, but small spatial rocks removed simple discovery.
NASA / JPL-Caltech

However, it is a less powerful telescope, it has to look for a small area, an old camera that requires cryogenic cooling (not NEOCAM), and is not designed to detect asteroids. The telescope, which is now called the Neois, can close operations in December 2018.

NEOCAM is the world's best immediate hope for faster search of aeroids

According to a recent study in The Astronomical Journal, neoconversion or LSST will never get the Congress' 90% search order – only working together, research has found that observations can achieve that goal for a decade.

But NOOCAM offers significant improvements in the situation under LSST.

In the latest pitch in NASA, the NOOCM team suggested launching in 2021 and four-year-460-foot (140 m) categories, or finding two-thirds missing items in almost a decade from the LSST schedule.

According to a report published by the National Science and Technology Council (NSTC) of the White House in December 2016, about 72% of NEOs of all sizes of 460 feet (140 meters) or greater have not been found. This is approximately 25,000 nearby asteroids and approximately 2,300 potentially dangerous.

The NTSC report suggests that circulation like NOOCAM can help telescopic asteroids in the root, which will strike somewhere between tanguska-type event (occurring once in approximately 100-200 years) and the Chellynsk-type event (one time). Every 10 years), of which less than 1%.

So, if starting a more capable replacement for NEOISE is a top priority, then why did NASA not fully fund NEOCAM for the 2024 launch?

& # 39; NASA has the responsibility to do this & # 39;

An example of asteroids focused on the Earth.
Natural History Museum of Denmark / NASA Goddard Space Flight Center

In 2006, 2010 and 2015 – the team behind NOCAM has deposed NASA's mission three times – and three times NASA has provided full funding to the telescope.

Sources said that the last example was not fully funded, sources told Business Insider that the proposal did not have technical vulnerabilities. Instead, he was trying to jam Square Peg in the round bureaucratic hole.

The NASA Competition was a part called Discovery, evaluating scientific firsts – does not guarantee the safety of humanity – and so that the NOOC has not allowed me to launch around 450 million dollars and rocket to develop its spacecraft. (NASA instead chose the two new spacecraft to discover the Solar System: Lucy, an investigation that will visit the ancient asteroid swarms near the guru, and the cyches, which will make the passage of all the metal parts of the dead planet.)

For the part of the Shiquarket, they do not take care of the differences.

"NASA has the responsibility to do it, and it is not happening," he said. "Both NASA and Congress need to put in NASA budget."

read more: Trump only signs a law that maps NASA's long-term future – but a critical element is missing

NeoCom has received 35 million dollars in the government funding bill of 2018, but proponents say it is not enough to get a telescope on the launch pad.

"In the meantime, NEOCAM is in a zombie state and the Earth is essentially waiting in the crosshairs," said Richard Binzell, a business insider in an email addressed by an expert on the risks of asteroids in the Earth Sciences and Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Benazir is one of the three scientists who, despite not being in the team of the project, wrote a recent OP-ad in Space News to provide full funding to the project. Beanzl and others argue that NOCAM can argue by raising the proposed budget of the House of Representatives to $ 40 million ($ 160 million to $ 200 million) and sharing a rocket ride with the spacecraft called the IAMAP, which the agency plans to launch in 2024 Plan to do

Working in coordination with ground based telescope, NEOCAM can achieve approximately 70% of the search in four years, and in less than 10 years, 90% of the agency can achieve the target of the search.

Yet, Benzle said that the dependence of asteroid strikes makes it easier to fund another initiative instead of years later.

"But the consequences of being wrong are unresponsive, especially when the ability to gain the knowledge is easily understood by us," he said. "We should only behave like responsible adults and & # 39; they should do the same. & # 39; What are we waiting for?"

Now it is on the President Trump and Congress

A simulation of burning 66 foot-wide asteroids in Earth's atmosphere.
Darrell Robertson / NASA Amazon

Schweicert acknowledged that NASA's budgeting and culture has been focusing for leading scientific research on decades, and away from this standard – rather than congressional orders – it's not easy.

"You're going upstream. You're fighting with a very strong headwind in NASA," he said, adding that funding from the science budget is very unclear to fund anybody. "But government agencies do not have the freedom to ask for an increase in their budget."

Schweizer and fellow retired astronaut Ed Lu tried a year ago to end the problem with the co-founding of the B612 Foundation, which is a dedicated nonprofit to develop Neo-Detecting capabilities. But the group introduced its longest running (and most expensive) concept, Sentinel Space Telescope as part of reforming NEOCAM's opportunities to fund the fund. On October 29, the organization announced strong support for the members of NO OCAM to provide full funding.

People with Naosa also appear on the onboard, which makes an asteroid search plan like NOOCAM.

પ્યુ સંશોધન કેન્દ્ર દ્વારા જૂનના પોલમાં, 2,500 અમેરિકન પુખ્ત વયના લગભગ બે-તૃતિયાંશ લોકોએ સર્વેક્ષણ કર્યું હતું કે એસ્ટરોઇડ નિરીક્ષણ એ નાસા માટે ટોચની અગ્રતા હોવું જોઈએ. (માત્ર હવામાન પરિવર્તનની દેખરેખ રાખવી વધારે છે.)

ટ્રૅમ્પ વહીવટ આગામી નાસાના બજેટમાં એનઓઓસીએએમ સાથે કરવાનું નક્કી કરશે અને જો કોંગ્રેસ તે ભંડોળને અધિકૃત કરશે તો તે જોવાનું રહે છે.

"તે ફેબ્રુઆરીની ચર્ચા છે," નાસાના સહયોગી સંચાલક સ્ટીફન જર્સીઝેકએ ઇકોનોમિસ્ટ સ્પેસ સમિટમાં બિઝનેસ ઇન્સાઇડરને જણાવ્યું હતું. "જ્યાં સુધી રાષ્ટ્રપતિએ તેમના બજેટને કૉંગ્રેસને છોડ્યું ન હોય ત્યાં સુધી તે બધું બહિષ્કૃત થઈ ગયું છે."

જર્કાઝેકે નાસાના ફરજને જોખમી એસ્ટરોઇડને શોધવા અને આંતરિક કાર્યવાહી કરવા માટે તે કામ કરવા માટે જરૂરી ફેરફારોની તાણ સ્વીકારી.

"તે કેટલાક અંશે સાંસ્કૃતિક મુદ્દા છે, જ્યાં આપણી પાસે શુદ્ધ વિજ્ઞાન અને શુદ્ધ સ્પર્ધાની માનસિકતા છે," તેમણે જણાવ્યું હતું. "મને લાગે છે કે આપણે શુદ્ધ વિજ્ઞાન અને અન્ય વસ્તુઓ વચ્ચે વધુ વૈવિધ્યસભર અને વધુ સંતુલિત અભિગમ વિકસાવવાનું શરૂ કરી રહ્યા છીએ."

પ્રશ્ન એ છે કે પછીના ટંગુસ્કા પ્રકારના એસ્ટરોઇડ પૃથ્વી પર આવે તે પહેલાં તે ફેરફારો થાય છે. પૂરતી ચેતવણી આપ્યા પછી, અમને આવી જગ્યાના ખડક પર ઉડવા અને આપત્તિને અટકાવવાની તક મળી શકે છે અથવા લોકોને નુકસાન પહોંચાડશે.


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