Dr. Bineta Priyambada
Dec 03, 2018 10:09 AM IST
After wearing a red ribbon, that time of year is trendy: World AIDS Day.
Ribbon is a show of support for people living with HIV, which affects 36.9 million people globally in 2017. And in different countries, red ribbon is also done with different degrees, it draws people's eyes, focuses on HIV, how they can harm the immune system without its causes and risks and proper care.
The 30th anniversary of December 1, 2018 is a sign World Aids Day, Which has been observed from all UN member states since 1988.
This year's theme: & # 39;Learn Your Status To find out whether the virus exists or to encourage everyone to do a medical examination to diagnose proper treatment and care.
According to this Information collected by In 2018, HIV / AIDS (UNAIDS) joint United Nations Program, India after South Africa, and Nigeria is the world's third largest HIV population – an estimated 2.1 million people
However, India has made steady progress since its immune system decreases between 2010 and 2017. Today, India is the second largest HIV treatment program in the world. During this period, 27% in new cases of infection and 56% decrease in AIDS related deaths.
But, the number of new infections has increased from 8,000 to 88,000 in the past year, and the death of HIV is approximately equal to 62,000.
In 2017, the country & # 39;Testing and treatmentThe strategy to combat the challenges of HIV on the recommendation of the World Health Organization. But before introducing the logic behind someone's strategy, it is important to know how HIV and AIDS are linked.
HIV V. (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) infection It is considered to be serious because the virus attacks the immune cell (CD4 + cells), which protects the body from all types of diseases.
After one person gets infected with HIV, it destroys infected CD4 + cells but it infects more cells. Timely treatment can reduce the viral load in the body and thus helps to maintain immune system in large amounts.
AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome), On the other hand, HIV is the final stage, which can be completely avoided with true healing today. During this time, the resistance to infection is low and the risk of developing disorders is increased.
When HIV V is a virus, AIDS is a medical condition. The symptoms of HIV positive and AIDS sufferers are significantly different, and the treatment can now reduce the risk of HIV transmission as well as the treatment of AIDS.
How does HIV / AIDS spread?
HIV can affect anyone. HIV virus can only be transmitted from an infected person to another, but can also be contacted with infected mother's blood, semen, vaginal discharge and breast milk.
HIV is a Sexual Transmitted Infections HIV is most often broadcast by unprotected sex. It may be heterosexual or homosexual intercourse, anal or oral intercourse, HIV is a risk of transmission through a sexual partner who does not need treatment for its condition. Between the two, it has been understood that the rate of transmission is less for oral than oral sex.
Therefore, sex between HIV positive and negative individuals needs a complete protection – a condom or dental dam (which is a part of latex that covers the vagina), and prophylaxis (HIV negative people who are HIV positive sexually There is a need for complete protection for those who have partners. However, this is not a comprehensive precaution.
India believed 86% of new infections caused by STI in 2017 and 2018. Manipur, Mizoram and Nagaland have the highest number of HIV in three states.
HIV can be transmitted by blood. For example, blood transfusion and medical treatment with infected blood person or IV re-use or distribution of syringe for drug abuse are some of the obvious, dangerous examples of activities that can be infected with HIV.
HIV also spreads Perinatal infection, That is to give birth to a child, child, and breastfeeding mother during pregnancy. In the case of transmission of this type has decreased, with today's clinical treatment reduced from 25% to just 2%.
This virus is also found in saliva, sweat and tears. But the rate of transfer from contact with this fluid is very low. There are no reported cases of using similar toilet seats, hand trembling, mosquito bites or sneezing for the treatment of any HIV.
Hugging, kissing, and trembling hands are a warm gesture that transit and inexperienced people can continue to share HIV without worrying about contracting or contracting HIV. The virus does not live out of the living person's warm, energetic environment, so there is no risk of distributing a room, a wardrobe or a cup of coffee with HIV-positive people.
How To Protect You From HIV Infection Agreements
Because HIV, or AIDS, is not a known cure, so beware of:
- Use condoms at all times. When using lubricant, make sure it is water based instead of oil-based. In addition, despite fewer sexual partners, the risks of STD contract can usually be brought in, but life-long infections (as long as the therapy is not developed) such as HIV.
- Make sure any needles and tattoos are controlled by the practitioners. It is important to ask your provider and to ensure that they are using a clean (sterile / new / bare open posture) needle to inject the drug, draw blood for the test or ink tattoo.
- You never need to Transplant blood or blood componentsMake sure the lab / blood bank has tested for HIV (also some other infectious agents like HBV.)
Why "testing and treatment"?
The first symptoms of HIV infection can be seen in 2 to 12 weeks after transmission.
Some of the obvious symptoms of HIV infection – fatigue, fever, potential headaches or diarrhea – look similar to flu. Some feel pain in the joint, get skin rash, sweat at night, or lose weight a few kg in weight.
Swelling glands and yeast infections can be seen in the mouth or vagina. HIV symptoms can be difficult to separate from regular flu or other viral illnesses.
Oddly, it is also possible that the infection does not come with little or no visible symptoms.
In any case, if the infection is initially detected, anti-retroviral treatment (ART) can lead a HIV-positive person to a longer and unaffected person. Even for AIDS, although there is no cure, ART can significantly increase the number of immune cells in the person, which slow down the spread of the disease.
There is also an Emergency Proflex (prop), an emergency prevention pill for related HIV-negative sexual partners that reduces post-sex risk with HIV-positive individuals.
So both testing and therapy, oh-important!
What is the risk of HIV, and should you be tested?
It is important that it is done in any way, before understanding who can take HIV test. There is no way to evaluate the risk of a HIV positive person who is not undergoing treatment for doctors. For sex-activist people and all their sexual partners, it is the only way to be sure of testing periodically and take action quickly if necessary.
There is currently no shortcut or science to predict the risk of HIV.
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states that anyone from 13 to 64 years of age should also include this test as a part of regular examination.
If any of the following describe you, you should definitely test HIV for a regular basis:
- If you are involved in high-risk sexual behavior
- If you're a sexually-active gay or bisexual man or someone's partner
- If you have unprotected sex or have a needle with someone who is HIV-positive, you do not know. In this case, both you and your partner should be tested within 72 hours of the event. If a partner performs positive tests, another post-exposure prophylaxis (prop) can be given. Propagation needs to be started within 72 hours and for 28 consecutive days.
- If you are pregnant or in the middle of pregnancy
- If you share a needle or syringe to insert medicines
- If you have been diagnosed, or have been treated, before hepatitis, tuberculosis or any STD.
HIV Being V is no longer the death sentence – the direct route leads to AIDS. Today, there are many options for HIV-positive people, some of which are even sold by NGOs at a cheaper price.
The only obstacles India is still far from crossing is social socialist: we are in a country that still stigmatizes HIV and AIDS. While it may take years or decades to change, there is something else that can not be delayed: we know for sure where we are. In the case of HIV infection, there is information power
The author is a senior adviser to the medical team at DocPrime.com