After traveling six months and millions of kilometers, NASA's Mars Insight Lender is just a few days away from its final destination.
One meter high, 358 kilograms spacecraft on Monday, 3 p.m. on the red planet ET Hundreds of people working on the mission are sure to have an acne-slash experience.
It is easy to believe that engineers will face eleven-and-a-half-millionth anniversary of Marginian surface: only 40 percent of all Red Planet missions have been successful.
British Columbia University professor Catherine Johnson, who is the co-investigator of the international team, who will measure the earthquake activity on Mars using Insight, said, "When we land the spacecraft, we all feel butterflies."
Rob Manning, chief engineer of Insight, should explain what to do:
BSuccess rates have improved. NASA's Twin Rovers, Spirit and Opportunity, which was launched in 2004, has removed its original goal of 90 Martian Days, or Sols for a long time. The soul lasted 11 years. The months after the dust of the month have missed opportunities, but not technically dead.
Then there is Curiosity, which was launched in 2011. It's still going strong
Landing site & # 39; is really boring and really safe & # 39;
When it reaches Mars, Insight will travel about 500 million kilometers, because it was not a direct trip. Inside the protective casing, it will enter at a speed of about 19,800 km / hour in a thin Martin environment. He will subdue the thrusts of parachute and fire descent, hope – slowly touch his feet.
Near the equator of the spacecraft planet, the Iliasium will land in the Planetia region, only 550 kilometers from Curiosity.
When the spacecraft has recently landed safely, this special place is a challenge: it is at a high altitude, which means that the spacecraft can not use as much as the thin atmosphere of Mars to slow down.
Then why choose that place?
"Mostly because he's really really boring and really safe," Johnson said.
Flat, rock-free area is best suited for this geological mission, where resources can be easily deployed. If it was a rocky place, a seamometer and drill, also known as The Mall, would not be able to do their jobs.
Insight is the first Red Planet's first geological mission. For two years, using different tools, it will measure earthquake activity, or Tuesday, as well as the small magnetic field of the planet. It will also take the internal temperature of Mars.
"Those of us who actually study the interior of the planets, that's really a really, really important mission," Johnson said. "We want to go to Mars for many decades now, so almost the same thing is really thrilling."
Mission's goals will help scientists understand the structure of Mars and Planets, and will help to know what will move forward for the human mission.
Orbiter can hear
During landing, Insight NASA's Mars will send moving signals to Reconcensance Orbiter (MRO) and when the Earth is in a position to receive the signal, it will broadcast the data.
There is also the possibility that two cubes, a small breadbasket-size orbiter, will be heard in their first type of interplanetary trip. Mars Cube One – Actually two satellites – can be in a position to receive signal and relay. Soon on Earth.
Back to Earth, two radio telescopes are listening in Bacon, which tells operators that the Insight has safely reached the surface.
"When we say another boring little beep, '& quot; we're here, & quot; johnson said.
CBC Start the NASA feed on the landing of news from 2 PM. ET Monday