The challenges of the world's health are varied, and the fears of anti-vasina movement and obesity rates include environmental pollution and health effects of climate change, super bacteria and emerging humanitarian hazard. .
In order to address these threats, the World Health Organization (WHO) launched a new five-year strategic plan: 13th General Program of Work. It is suggested that 1,000 million people have access to universal health coverage, that 1,000 million people are protected from health crisis and another 1,000 million people enjoy better health and wellbeing.
Listed by the organization, there are 10 of these many issues to pay attention to WHO and its partners in 2019:
1. Air pollution and climate change
9 out of ten people breathe the air polluted every day. WHO believes that air pollution is the biggest environmental hazard for health. Infections can penetrate lungs, respiratory and circulatory systems that damage the heart and brain, which can kill 7 million people every year due to diseases such as cancer, stroke, heart and lung diseases.
90% of these deaths occur in low and middle income countries, which have high levels of industries, transportation and agriculture, as well as stove and household fuel emissions.
The main cause of air pollution (the burning of bacterial fuel) also contributes significantly to climate change.
This year, the United Nations (UN) Climate Summit will be held in September, which will strengthen the climate and ambition across the world, which is more than 3 degrees Celsius in this century.
2. Non-communicable diseases
Inappropriate diseases such as diabetes, cancer, and heart disease are more than 70% of all deaths worldwide, which are collectively responsible for 41 million people. 15 million people die prematurely (between 30 and 69 years old).
These diseases are caused by five main risk factors: tobacco use, physical inactivity, harmful alcohol consumption, unhealthy food and air pollution. These risk factors increase mental health problems, which can arise from an early age: Suicide is another reason of death between 15 and 19 years.
This year, WHO will help governments to meet the global goal of reducing physical inactivity by 15% by 2030.
3. Global Influenza Epidemic
The world will have to face another influenza epidemic, the same thing that we do not know when it comes and how bad it will be. And it will examine the health and safety system of emergency in any country.
WHO continuously monitors the circulation of influenza virus to detect possible epidemic strain: 153 organizations in 114 countries participate in global monitoring and response.
Every year, WHO recommends what kind of treatment should be included in the flu vaccine to prevent people from seasonal flu. Influenza's new strain should develop the potential for epidemic, WHO has established a unique partnership with all the major actors to ensure effective and equitable access to diagnosis, vaccine and antiviral treatment in developing countries.
4. Unstable and weak atmosphere
Over 1.6 billion people – 22% of the world's population – where standing crisis (famine, hunger, conflicts and population displacement) and poor health services, leave them without access to basic care.
WHO will continue to work to strengthen health systems in these countries so that they are better prepared to find and respond to the response and to provide high-quality health services, including immunization.
5. Antimicrobial Resistance
The development of antibiotics, antivirals, and antimiaries is the biggest success of modern medicine. Now, these medicines are underway.
Antimicrobial threats send us at times when we can not easily cure pneumonia, tuberculosis, gonorrhea and salmonellosis infections. The inability to prevent infection can be compromised with serious surgery and chemotherapy procedures.
Drug resistance is run by the excessive use of antimicrobials among people, but also in animals, especially those used for food production and in the environment. The WHO is working with these fields to implement the global action plan to address antimicrobial resistance by increasing awareness and knowledge, reducing infection and promoting the critical use of antimicrobials.
6. Ebola and other high-threatening microbes
In 2018, the Democratic Republic of Congo faced two different spreads of Ebola (a high-threatening pathogenic disease), which spread to more than 1 million people's cities.
In the Conference on Public Health Emergency Preparedness held in December 2018, 2019 was designated as "Year of Action in the Preparation for Health Emergency".
These include diseases like Ebola, other Hemoriginous Fears, Zika, Nipah, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MRS-Kovi), severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) and disease XO coronavirus, which represent the need to prepare for an unknown pathogenic disease. It can be a serious epidemic.
7. Poor primary health care
Primary health care is usually the first point of contact in people who have their health care system and, ideally, they provide comprehensive, accessible and community care throughout their lives.
However, many countries do not have adequate primary health care facilities. In 2019, WHO will work with its partners to stimulate and strengthen primary health care in the countries and follow certain commitments proposed.
8. Vaccines Resistance
Vaccine Vaccination (The reluctance or refusal to vaccine in spite of availability of vaccine) threatens to promote progress in the fight against diseases prevented by vaccination. This is one of the most reliable ways to stop the disease: Currently it prevents 2 to 3 million deaths per year and 1.5 million can be avoided if the global vaccine coverage is improved.
The reasons why people choose not to vaccinate are critical; For WHO, the lack of vaccines and lack of confidence are the main reasons.
In 2019, the WPO will increase the function to remove cervical cancer by increasing HPV vaccine coverage; It has also been proposed to increase vaccination against poliovirus.
This mosquito-borne disease, which can make 20% of people with severe dengue malignant and can be a growing threat for decades.
There are a large number of cases in countries like Bangladesh and India. The disease spread to less tropical and more temperate countries such as Nepal.
It is estimated that 40% of the world's dengue is in danger and there are about 390 million infections every year. The WHO strategy of dengue control reduces death by 50% by 2020.
10. Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)
The progress made against HIV has been tested among those people, including antiretrovirals (under 22 million under treatment) and preventive measures such as Pre-Exposing Prophylaxis.
However, the epidemic continues. Every year about one million people die from HIV / AIDS. Today, around 37 million people worldwide live with HIV.
This year, WHO will work with countries to support the introduction of self-assessment so that people living with HIV can know their condition and get treatment.
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