It is estimated that immigrants and refugees have it Good health But investing in displaced or receiving countries from their countries of origin The risk of disease increasesBecause of the circumstances of life and their lifestyle settings. This is the first major conclusion Report on the health of refugees and immigrants in the European region of the World Health OrganizationPresenting this Monday.
As he explained Zuza's Zakab, Regional Director for WHO Europe, reports over 13,000 documents compiled evidence available on the health of refugees and immigrants, and analyzes the progress made by the countries to promote this group's health. Population This document is created with the support of the National Institute of Italy for Health, Migration and Poverty (INMP, in short in English).
The purpose of the report is to get it To learn how to protect information Disease, How to deal with the consequences How to get rid of displacement and how to get health care they can get them Healthy life in host countries "International immigrants represent 10 percent of the European population – Out of which 90.7 million amount – less than 7.4 percent of refugees, "explains Jacob, which is much lower than estimated by European citizens, who believe that 3 or 4 times more immigrants
The spread of pathogens in immigrants and refugees
About inefficient diseases, reports show that The proportion of tuberculosis In the immigrant and refugee population it varies between 90 to 20 percent, Based on the spread of the host country's population. However, in case HIV V., Document shows that immigrant population The host receives the infection in the country "Even though this belief has already been transitioned on the arrival of immigrants, the truth is that the risk of disease transmission in the host population is very low. These are the other beliefs about immigrant populations," Jacob adds.
The spread of tuberculosis in migrants and refugees varies according to the host country, while HIV is originally acquired outside the country.
However, immigrants and refugees seem to have possessed Low Impact of Non-Communicable PathologisInvesting in the host country – Period of poverty or condition – Can increase the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease and stroke. "Migrating itself changes lifestyle, reduces the performance of physical exercise, and increases the consumption of less healthy food; this population group is more likely to be exposed to the risk factors of chronic diseases," Jacob said. Generally, this population group is one High rates, diabetes mellitus and mortality With higher incidents between women, than European population
Stay in the host country can increase the risk of cancer, cardiovascular disease and stroke
The risk in the report is also open Infection Immigrants and refugees, not only in the case of displacement, but also due to lack of health care and life conditions. So, that's it It is necessary to find and train the health workers in the front line of this group's help.
In case Children, preventable pathologic increases the risk of pain, So it is necessary Immediately include them in the country's immune schedules, Because displacement inhibits vaccination programs in which they were included.
Junkby added that this population is in the group Apart from cervical cancer incidence, lower risk of cancer, But it is also diagnosed in more advanced stages, which suggests a worse diagnosis than the host country's population.
Children who travel alone are more vulnerable to sexual abuse and are more depressed or post-traumatic.
Also, immigrants and refugees have it The risk of post-traumatic stress, anxiety and depression has increased. However, according to the report, the methods used in the evaluation of colonial groups and contingencies have caused difficulties in finding a clear conclusion. Likewise, children who travel without family members are risky to sexual abuse and experience higher rates of depression or post-traumatic stress symptoms.
Programs to meet the needs of immigrants and refugees
According to Jakab, it is established in 53 countries as part of the WHO European Region Health access for immigrants and refugees, So much for Early detection and treatmentSuch as preventing pathoglies or risk conditions. "This report highlights the health needs of both immigrants and refugees and the European population, because immigrants and refugees are at greater risk of developing non-usable and transportable diseases, it is necessary that they can use timely quality health services such as the rest of the population. According to Jacob's conclusion, to save lives, reduce treatment costs and protect the residents of the host countries This is the best way.
"The best way to protect residents is to bring immigrants to health"
The report makes it clear that Health systems should be prepared not only for legal immigrants but also to take into account the need for irregular immigrants: "The best way to protect residents and immigrants is to get them admitted in cleanliness."
Junk has added that Changing migration routes -Romania or Bulgaria are now two routes of the road – and therefore it is necessary to explain the governments of different countries. The needs of this displaced population, Health care also includes food, shelter and cultural aspects.
Strategies to guarantee the health of immigrants and refugees
53 countries that are part of the WHO European Region in 2016 Strategies and plans for the health of refugees and immigrants Guiding countries to address the health of the displaced population. However, according to WHO, it is necessary to proceed in the following steps:
- Provide social protection to immigrants and refugees, regardless of their legal status as well as quality and sustainable health coverage.
- Convert health systems to systems that remove cultural and linguistic barriers.
- Make sure health professionals are trained to diagnose general and non-infected pathology.
- Manage multilateral approaches for the health of immigrants and refugees.
- Improving and organizing data collection on the health of immigrants and refugees.