Teenagers who can accurately describe their negative emotions are better protected against depression than their colleagues. It is the conclusion of a new study to differentiate between negative emotions, or to differentiate between negative feelings and to apply specific labels published in the journal. Spirit.
Adolescents who & # 39; I'm upset & # 39; Instead of saying & # 39; more painful & # 39 ;, & # 39; I'm disappointed & # 39; Or & # 39; I'm ashamed & # 39; I use more precocious words like – it is better to increase the depressive symptoms after realizing it is better. A stressful life event "
Leading author Lisa Starr, assistant professor of psychology at the University of Rochester
Those who score less on negative emotions, they describe their feelings in more general terms like "normal" or "bad". As a result, they are less able to benefit from encoded useful texts in their negative emotions, including the ability to develop copy strategies that can help control how they feel.
"Emotions provide a lot of information, it interacts with information about the person's inspirational state, level of stimulus, emotional value and evaluation of threat experience," says the star. Someone needs to integrate all those information – "Am I worried," or "Do I feel embarrassed, embarrassed or feeling like any other?"
Once you know that information, you can use it to help determine the best course of action, explains to Star: "I will be helping to predict how my emotional experience will emerge and how I best control these emotions. I can feel better. "
The team has found that low nad strengthens the link between stressful life events and depression, which reduces mental well-being.
By focusing specifically on adolescence, which shows a high risk time for depression, research has taken place at zero on the distinction of the date. The first research indicates that during adolescence one person's NED goes towards its lowest point in comparison to young children or adults. The crucial time of this development is that the rate of depression increases steadily.
Previous research showed that depression and fewer ND were related to each other, but research from previous studies did not test that low NED It is temporarily depressed. To the researchers, this phenomenon became a question of natural chicken and egg: did such young people show signs of significant depressive symptoms, they naturally have a low ned, or have their NDD low, which is a direct result of their depression?
Emeritus University Assistant Professor of Psychiatry, and Rochester graduate students Joey Show, starring Irina Lee and Angela Santini, team created by Rachel Hershenberg, recruited with an average age of 233 middle-school children in the Rochester region. 16 (54% of women) and undertook a diagnostic interview to evaluate the participants for depression.
Next, teenagers reported their feelings four times daily today, seven times a day. After one and a half years, the team conducted follow-up interviews with original participants (who returned to 193) to study subsequent results.
Researchers have found that young people who are poor to differentiate their negative emotions, are more susceptible to depressive symptoms after stressful life events. In contrast, those who are showing high tendency are better to manage the emotional and behavioral consequences of exposure to stress, so that negative emotions probably increase clinically significant depression in a timely manner.
The most challenging public health problem worldwide is a recession. As the most psychological disorder, it causes frequent and difficult situations only for victims, but the US economy spends billions of dollars per year and is recognized by the global health organization as the number one cause of global burden in industrialization. Notes to researchers, especially for countries with adolescence, especially for depression studies, because these age increases depression rates, which have sexual gender inequality which continue well in adulthood.
In adolescence, depression disrupts social and emotional development, which can lead to negative consequences, including interpersonal problems, low productivity, poor physical health and substance misuse. Moreover, those who are depressed during adolescence are likely to have frequent depression during their lifetime, says Star. That is why it is important to find effective treatment for emotional mobility associated with depression.
Star says, "The way you change the way you feel, you need to know the way you feel." "I believe NED can be modified, and I think it is something that could directly address the treatment protocol, which targets NED."
The team's findings contribute to the growing body of research, which strives to pursue a fight against teenage depression, suicide ideas and suicide rates. According to the latest CDC statistics, about 17% of high school students have said they thought of suicide, more than 13% said they actually planned to commit suicide, and 7.4% tried to commit suicide last year.
"Our data suggests that if you are capable of raising people's NED, you should try stressing stressful experiences and the effects of stress depression," says the star.
Star, L. Et al. (2019) Risks of uncomfortable emotions: Variation of the spirit mediates the potential relationships between natural stress interactions and teenage depression. Spirit. doi.org/10.1037/emo0000630