Monday , October 18 2021

Saudi Arabian foreign policy has failed because of Saudi Arabia



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Saudi Arabia's Consulate of Saudi Arabia, on 2 October, the brutal murder of Saudi journalist Jamal Khasogi and the spectacular disaster of the crisis showed how the state's foreign policy has given hasty and bad advice under Crown Prince. Mohammed bin Salman.

Under the supervision of 33-year-old Taj Prince, Saudi Arabia is the latest in this series of victims of foreign policy mistakes. Other major examples include the failure of Qatar, the arrest of Lebanese Prime Minister Saad al-Hariri, the diplomatic row of Canada on human rights issues, and the disastrous war in Yemen.

One can argue that MBS Prince Mohammed, who was known to be a more vocal foreign policy because of the rise of Iranian influence in the Middle East, threatens Saudi Arabia's safety and stability. However, there is a clear distinction between "strongly" and "reckless". From the misconceptions of his serious foreign policy, the MBS does not just go away from the traditional strategic diplomat of the House of Good, but he has effectively pushed his country toward the transition of political instability.

& # 39; Backdate & # 39; Cplomacy

In the first decade of the Cold War, the revolutionary wave passed through the Middle East. Pharaoh Pharaoh of Egypt, in 1955, the last king of the lineage of Muhammad Ali ruled Egypt since 1805, he was overthrown. In 1958, the Hashemite family was brought to Iraq by Left and Nationalist forces. In 1962, the army officers removed Zayidi Imam Mohammed al-Badr and ended up with the establishment of the republic after defeating Yemen in a seven-year civil war. And in 1979, Shah Mohammed Raza Pahlavi's postponement of the monarchy and replaced by an Islamic republic led by Shia clerics.

During this upheaval, the Saudi monarchy has been successful in surviving primarily due to the cognitive approach of foreign affairs, but has a quiet but significant effective diplomatic task to deal with external threats and challenges.

At the beginning of the Cold War, Riyadh took bases in most of the regional conflicts, which had left the Arab World (Egypt, Iraq and Syria) to take the lead among the intolerant revolutionaries. On Palestine, for example, Saudi decided to keep fewer profile. Reyad supported the war effort of the so-called "ring states" – Arab countries surrounding Israel – he was always escaped from being involved in every military conflict with Zionist state. When he decided to get involved – for example, leading the oil restrictions of 1973 – he is always through soft or economic power.

Even when it was forced to fight the regional rival, Saudi Arabia avoided direct conflict and chose proxy wars. In the 1960s, he ruled Egypt's president of the Saudi ruling family Gamal Abdel Nasser in the Proxy conflict in Yemen. Abdel Nasser sent a large part of his army to support the revolutionary efforts against Imam Mohammed al-Badr, who supported it by Saudi Arabia. But by doing so, the Egyptian president weakened his army, which contributed to the defeat of Israel in the 1967 war and the subsequent political death row. Three years later the Egyptian leader died with his dream of Abraham.

Using the same strategies, the SOUND HOUSE achieved similar results with the same revolutionary leader who threatened his rule: Grand Amontron Khomeini. Riyade avoided direct conflict with Tehran, who wanted to export the revolution and reject the conservative Arab Gulf rule, and instead, encouraged and supported Iraq in the eight-year Iran-Iraq War (1980-1988). This effectively included the Iranian revolution, and the idea of ​​exporting to the rest of the Middle East dried up in 1989, due to the death of Iatatola Khomeini.

During the Cold War, Saudi Arabia played a quiet role in spite of having an important role in the international land, which contributes to the final fall of the Soviet Union. In the 1980s, he joined Pakistan and the United States in efforts to support armed groups to stop Soviet occupation of Afghanistan, funding most CIA programs to train and train Mujahideen's hand. The House of Saw helped reduce oil prices in the second half of the 1980s, due to which the oil-based Soviet economy had fallen on its knees.

And when Saddam Hussein's decision to invade Kuwait in August 1990 was threatened, then he also opted for a solution. He requested the help of the US, who was immediately sent to the coalition forces to evict the Iraqi army from Kuwait and stop the invasion of Saudi Arabia.

Iran resuscitated

In this way, in the second half of the 20th century, Saudi Arabia shot a shot without most wars. But for the last several years the situation has changed dramatically in the Middle East. In 2001, the US invasion of Afghanistan and the main regional enemies of Iran in 2003 were eliminated in Iraq, which reorganized their ambitions of regional descent.

In 2011, Arab Spring broke down in breakout and weakened a number of dictatorships, which saw Saudi Arabia as the "pillar of stability" in the region. Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak was demolished in February of that year, who sent shock in the Middle East. In order to avoid the same fate, Bashar al-Assad created a violent clash of persecution on the Syrian population, ultimately the country crushed into the bloody civil war.

For the first time in its recent history, Saudi Arabia completely exposed itself, no one has even fallen behind. In order to add insult to injury, the Obama administration showed little sensitivity towards Saudi concerns because it sought reconciliation with Iran, Riyadh was deeply concerned about his safety. Because the feeling of insecurity in the house was increasing, "backseat" ambassador gave way to foreign policy more strongly; However, the tricks remained the same or similar: the conflict by the proxy.

Iran is eager to stop taking advantage of this liquid situation, Saudi Arabia – with United Arab Emirates – US The United States and Arab Heavyweights decided to fill the remaining power vacuum by pulling back.

In March 2011, Saudi troops were sent to Bahrain to break the protest movement. In June 2013, Reyade supported the military uprising in Egypt, which overthrew the Muslim Brotherhood government. It uses billions of dollars in support Due to the Egyptian military janta, he was brutally broken on the Islamic movement.

In Syria, Saudi Arabia made many attempts to weaken Bashar al-Assad's regime in military and diplomatic ways. Riyad provided funding in a campaign to purchase non-violence weapons and to prevent the multi-million dollar anti-government fighters, who allowed Asad to join power.

However, it was a takeover of Yemen's capital Sanaa Haothis in September 2014, which shook Saudi Arabia on the verge. On the death of King Abdullah and the throne of King Salman, young and ambitious MBS Paved the way for it to lead the country into its direct military conflict with another country.

Initially, the decision to go to war in Yemen was described as brave and timely intervention so that the Hooghians could get complete control over Yemen and therefore contribute to the growing regional influence of Iran. However, as a war with thousands of civilians killed in the war, and a bombing on hospitals and schools, it was the result of a foreign foreign policy for Saudi Arabia.

Reckless Leader

Yemen did not stop the MBS from invasion Their shock and myths and money can buy everything, and their unintentional ignorance of regional and international realities put Saudi Arabia in deep trouble with the decision of their aggressive foreign policy.

Rather than trying to form a unified front against Saudi Archemany, Iran and straightforward Saudi resources, the MBS has fought itself on almost every possible front. Now, it is in conflict with Turkey and its Sunni allies, including Qatar; And Iran and Iraq, Syria, Yemen and Lebanon with its Shia colleagues.

MBS Not only did enemies create more than handle, but he also chose the wrong allies. He started with Israel on the dangerous path of generalization, believing that he would pay back in the long run. But with this decision, they have lost the risk of losing the heart and mind of the Arab people in Turkey and Iran, both of whom have made themselves champions for Palestinian cause.

More importantly, it takes the risk of losing support in their country and contributes to the rise of more radical forces, because some Saudi people are seen fighting in their country against the wrong "enemies" and agreeing with the wrong "friends".

If Mohammed bin Salman Proceeding this path, it is possible not only to bring his political death but also to Saud's house.

The ideas expressed in this article are from the author's own and it is not necessary that El Jazeera's editorial attitude is shown.

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