HIV / AIDS: A quarter of HIV-positive people do not know their condition?
"Know your status" The formula of the 2018 World AIDS Day document shows the importance of avoiding the status of someone's HIV. However, the latest report from UNAIDS states that, despite the progress, many HIV-positive people are still unaware of the world.
On the occasion of a dedicated day against HIV, the right to UNAIDS report was received. "Knowledge is power"* This reveals progress on the front. Thus, in 2017, HIV positive people were aware of their condition, which was 75% in 2015 compared to 67%. In this, 94 million patients were left in the dark.
Why are many HIV-positive people unaware? "The main obstacles in HIV testing are stigma and discrimination"Says UNAIDS. "Fear or information about HIV status will be disclosed to their family, friends, and sexual partners, preventing people from accessing screening."
Other obstacles: "Violence and threat of defamation, especially among young women and girls." Indeed, "In many countries, admission to the test allows only young children with the consent of the parents" UNAds Details.
Viral load is not necessary to diagnose
Other information, HIV-positive people with antiretroviral treatment, was 21.7 million in 2017, which was 17.2 million two years ago. Even with progress, 19.4 million people living with HIV have not yet received unnoticed viral loads. Now "To stay healthy and prevent transmission, the virus must be present in a very weak and undetectable way," UNAIDS recommends.
To do this, it is recommended to conduct a viral load test every year. But in many countries, access to machines that allow these tests is not easy. "Sometimes there is a device across the country …"Report editors mourn.
Among the most fragile people, newborn babies born in danger need to quickly check their viral load. Indeed, "Rapid diagnostic tests are ineffective 18 months ago." UNAIDS explains. "The only way to save them is to give them a viral load test during the 4 to 6 weeks of life.". In 2017, however, only 52% of the viruses open in the most affected countries could receive this test in their first two months.
Notes: In 2017, more than 36 million people lived with HIV. Of these, 940,000 died as a result of a virus-related illness.
* Knowledge is power