Monday , August 2 2021

Uncertainty Locations Techniques and Science to Avoid the Worst Pandemic of the 20th Century | Science



Dirty and fear, three young children came to the beach. They had a lot of fever and put their dead bodies on two small bodies in the back of their small body.

The group was trying to flee Spread the disease He destroyed his small, separate village farmer, where Nanoc River was surrounded by a fire in Bristol Bay, Alaska.

His unexpected arrival to the Alaska Packer Association's "Diamond O" Caning Factory in Naknek means that "Spanish flu"Who had destroyed most of the world, even reached this far corner of the snow-covered land.

During the winter unpredictable weather conditions, between the months of September and May, when someone approached it by payment, they received it for a moment. Escape from the flu Which affected most of the world's population during the year 1918.

Claimed between 50 to 100 million people before the epidemic of more than the total number of deaths due to the tragedy First World War

On June 4, 1919, the arrival of the port's boat indicated that the disease was finally found in the route of the remote Inuit native communities, Alaska on the way to the people.

The next day, send a team to the children's village to see whether Canon's superintendent helped.}

What they found was horrible.

Men's reports show that Savonosky's town was "a painful state" and "misery". The entire adult population of about a small group of about 10 houses died.

Those who were alive were seriously ill and said that their relatives were frustrated when they walked.

It was an image that was repeated in the villages of Alaska.

Stories in some places Dogs straddling the dead bodies of the dead. In some communities, 90% of its population is dying.

— "Communities Escape" —

However, few miles from some of the most affected areas of Bristol Bay, a small settlement is called a community called the Edge They completely escape from the disease.

"It is strange that the only city of Igogac, Bristol Bay, had no problem with the disease," said Nafan Alaska Peking Association's Superintendent JF Hanbokle in an official report of the epidemic.

Other medical reports suggest that some residents of AJJAC showed up The only mild symptoms of the disease. It seems that they were lucky.

As the world tried to recover from a global epidemic, stories from the virus survived similar spaces.

There were not many: distant islands, rural villages, sheltered shelters and some schools were from those places which were not influenced.

But information about the existence of these calls is "Run the community"The result may be Very valuable today Because health officials are afraid of the next epidemic of this disease.

US The Department of Defense's Threat Reduction Agency, the lesson that it has, is so important. There were some places in the country that were not affected by the Spanish flu in hopes of getting some Hints on how to protect military personnel In the future

Together, the authors of the report focused on seven communities that have found out that they have survived the virus, even though they say there may be other people whom they can not recognize.

One of the authors of the University of Michigan, Howard Markle, and one of the authors of the study states, "These communities were basically covered."

"No one has come in and no one left. Schools were closed and people were not found. We & # 39; Hijacking Conservation & # 39; to refer to a group of healthy people who are protected from the risk of infection of the outer people. Came with the word "

The fact that these communities were in Remote places He helped to protect some sites in 1918.

On the island of the US Naval Base Yerba Buena, in the San Francisco Bay, it was only accessible by boat. Its 6,000 residents were limited to the island No visitors are allowed Step on the ground

Marquele said, "At the time you open the door, the virus can enter the body of those people," he says. "Call"Abduction protectionIt & # 39; s good until you take it. & # 39;

"However, the idea that you can stop a modern city or university today is not very likely, it is extremely expensive and annoying."

— possible immunity

It is not clear why it is delaying the arrival of the disease Reduces the mortality rates In these places But research has suggested that over time, as population progresses, it naturally accumulates change Reduce their ability to get sick.

Another possibility is that some populations have earned a degree immunity Against epidemic strain

In Denmark, for example, the epidemic killed only "0.2%" of the population, while in Australia it was 0.3%. With relatively few deaths, China also escapes, responsible for possible immunity within the population.

"This is known as & # 39;Antigen recycling hypothesisProfessor Gerardo Chowell, a pathologist from the Georgia State University of the United States, says that "who has tried to rearrange events that led to the 1918 epidemic."

"In some areas, the elderly population was not so impressed because they had some protection that they could potentially acquire when they were children."

Although this idea is still discussed, it offers some Signals that can help health experts in the fight against future pandemics. Today, some countries provide annual vaccines against seasonal flu strains that can help their population with immune systemic immunity.

According to research by McVernan, an immunologist from Melbourne University (Australia), this "provides important protection in the early stages of the new epidemic."

"More often to give you a vaccineO, you're on open versions of the virus that can adopt ", Markle adds.

But even in potentially immune diseases, its residents saw that some of them got sick. This may mean that the virus has also reached these remote sites, but after that it affects other parts of the world and its events are further weakened.

— The luck factor? —

Blood tests performed in Alaska, have confirmed that some remote populations have never been declared.

In Bering Strait, on the island of San Lorenzo, the people of Gamal and Suunga's poppy settlements, and on the far south island São Paulo, No antibodies have been found Against the virus of 1918, when they were sampled in the 1950s.

Although it seems that these places are only protected by their geography, other communities have taken steps to separate themselves with their own hands.

Bero and Vinerett settlers in Northern Alaska arranged armed guards around their villages and the travel was prohibited among various settlements.

When people who tested the people living in a range of remote settlements in northern Alaska discovered that they are also free of antibodies, suggesting that they have never been exposed.

It seems that many of these villages They were warned in advance of the virus When it spread through Alaska, it was weakened.

US Nicole Breme, part of the National Park Service, a cultural anthropologist at Bering Land Bridge National Reserve, said, "Some locations were considered."

"Numerous colonies in Alaska were not affected, due to frequent travel routes or because of the established quarantine due to their remotes. Communities were self-sufficient for food and clothing at that time. Food and goods imported from other locations in the United States [en comparación con los de hoy] "

In the modern world, Nearby settlements like this will be more difficult. Some locations are not based on the goods brought from other parts of the world.

Transport Networks also mean that many locations are not really remote anymore.

Howard Markle says, "In 1918, they had little idea about the cause of the virus or the epidemic."

"Today we know better how to cope with it: We have hospitals with antivirals, intensive care units, respiratory and hospitals, and more control, monitoring and monitoring systems, but we travel faster and faster than ever. So, so The spread can be very quick What we can do. "

In 1918 there were also some communities which survived the virus against all the differences.

737 people living in Fletcher City in Vermont (United States) challenged the Council to avoid contact with the outside world, organize a dance, and participate in a county fair in the neighboring city.

A wedding was planned for a soldier from a military camp in Massachusetts in the city, which affected 28% of the population, and 757 people died in the same month of marriage.

Despite the 120 guests attending the link, it felt that the residents of Fletcher had dug a bullet.

And this Good luck It is perhaps the biggest lesson that the 1918 escape communities have to provide today's health workers. Many communities had strict safety and quarantine measures as well as the epidemic victims.

Historian Catherine Ringsmouth says, "They knew the flu and even though they could do it to come, even though they may." "The disease was so rapid that most people did not get the chance to react."

A reduction in salmon stocks can help Aggak's village. "It was a terrible year for salmon, because it was producing highly prepared salmon for the war held in Europe, which caused the number of fish to fall," Ringsmuth believes.

"Keeping in mind these situations, it can be easy for anyone to have no reason to visit this area," academic principles.

It seems that Survival can sometimes be reduced to blind luck.

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