Provo, UT (KSL) – A team of BUU researchers funded by NASA, so that astronomers can better understand the dust on Mars and it will help in the device to affect the human mission in the coming years.
According to Bayeux Press Release, a team with specialization in chemistry and engineering is working to measure dust size and electrical charge on Mars. These details do not look very important, but the absence of a complete understanding of the planet's dust can make the human mission very dangerous by NASA on Mars.
It is important for dust on Mars for weather patterns on Mars, "Professor and Chairman of the BUU Engineering Department, Aaron Harkins, said. Ksl.com "It is also important for any human or unmanned mission on the planet because dust can interfere with the equipment."
The dust in the atmosphere of Mars is so abundant that the water is on Earth, which results in heavy dust storms which last for months and extend most of the Earth's surface. This represents great problems for the human journey of Mars, because if Martin goes to the dust spaces or into the oxygen source for astronauts, serious health risks may be present.
Not only that, but interfere with dust tools and spacecraft. Wood Cheong, Assistant Professor of the BUU Engineering Department, told KSL.com, "Mars's dust has a tendency to be in solar panels, because we have been found in robots sent to Mars." "When they stick to solar panels, they reduce electricity production by solar activities. One of our robots was killed because the dust covers all the solar panels."
According to the press release of the spectrometer, Team Cheung and Hawkins, engineering professors as well as graduate students include Yixin Song, Jess Rosesa and Ellora Gustafson. They create mass literacy with a printed circuit board to determine the charge, collective and speed of Martin dust particles.
"Knowing the size, you can predict how dust will behave and model it better on Earth," Hawkins explained. "Knowing the charge included in each particle, you know how it will affect the instrument and how it will connect together."
Hawkins added that the spectrometer is the common equipment used to measure the composition of the particles.
"The particles are charged, so they will respond to the electric field because they have some positive or negative charges," Hawkins said. "If you keep that charge on the electric field, then it will accelerate, accelerate, move forward … we can change the path of these particles and depending on where they go, we can tell you something about their mass or its mass. They have a charge. We're essentially creating a range of electrodes which sets the electric field, and then the particles are inserted into that field. "
Since the charge was so small, the team created a microchip to increase it at one level, where it is measured by a reaction capacitor which is less than 1,000 times the shelf models. A small, robust microchip uses very little power, which makes NASA's future desirable for use.
Creating charged particles for testing was a barrier faced by the researchers, according to the press release that how to accurately test the spectrometer without the Martin particles on the planet with them. As a solution, they make their own pure particles to replicate on Mars.
Researchers started suspending the grains of dust in the liquid and then sprinkled them in high electric field, to evaporate all solvents, leaving only the dust, according to the press release.
Hawkins said, "What you see on Mars is harder than actually getting particles." "Right now, we are trying to use something called 'electro-spray', where you are content in high voltage particles in solvents and pull them out of the needle. There are other ways to do that, Follow parallel. "
Researchers are optimistic that according to the publication of the news, their equipment will be used on an unmanned Mars mission to prepare for the first human journey to be held in 2033.
"This work has been funded by NASA and it is part of a program where we propose to create tools used for the actual mission," Hawkins said. "We are in the early stages, but NASA has a process where these types of tools can advance in mission preparation. As you go ahead and prepare more missions, NASA will provide more funding and then put it in its plan in real terms. And support. "
Hawkins added that there are many problems in solving the device before it is ready for a mission for Mars, but it hopes to succeed in the coming years.
"I'm really excited about this project, and NASA people are working hard to put on Mars," Chiang said. "I think that 50 years ago they had done a very wonderful job on the moon, and I think it's time for men to go to Mars. We will do this in this generation."
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