According to one study, the impact of pollution on life expectancy is worse than HIV / AIDS, cigarette smoking and terrorism, it said that after getting global guidelines for particle pollution in India, the average life expectancy in India will be 4.3 years longer. According to the new Air Quality Life Index (AQLI) developed by researchers at the University of Chicago in the US, atmospheric air pollution reduces the expected global average life expectancy from 1.8 years.
AQLI establishes particle pollution as the single biggest threat to human health globally, including the behavioral diseases such as tuberculosis and HIV / AIDS, behavioral killers such as smoking cigarettes and life expectancy including war.
Revolutionally, AQLI reports these results in solid conditions that are relevant to most people.
"Today around the world, people breathe in the air, which represent a serious risk to their health. But, the way this risk is transmitted is often opaque and confusing, which is the concentration of air pollution like red, brown, orange and green. Translated into colors, Michael Greenstone, professor of the Energy Policy Institute at the University of Chicago (EPIC) said B.
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"My colleagues and I developed this & # 39; AQLI & # 39; to solve this skill, which is used for & quot; life & quot ;, they take air pollution concentration and probably Converts the most important metric: Life expectancy, "he said.
AQLI is based on a pair of studies that lead to the causal relationship between particle pollution and life expectancy in long-term human exposure.
Fifty-five percent of the world's population, or 5.5 billion people, live in areas where the particle pollution increases more than the WHO guidelines.
The AQLA has declared that the world and China, which make up 36% of the world's population, lose 73% of all life's life due to fatal pollution.
Generally, if the country fulfills the WHO guidelines, people in India will live up to 4.3 years long – the average life expectancy at birth is 69 to 73 years.
US In, about a third of the population lives in areas not followed by the WHO guidelines. If those living in the most polluted areas of the country meet the WHO guidelines, they can expect to be up to a year longer.
Globally, Aqua has declared that particle pollution reduces the average life expectancy from 1.8 years, making it the biggest global threat to human health.
By comparison, the first cigarette smoking reduces the expectation of approximately 1.6 years of global average life expectancy. Other risks for human health are also small effects: Alcohol and medicines reduce the life expectancy for 11 months; Unsafe water and sanitation will take 7 months; And HIV / AIDS, 4 months.
Contradictions and terrorism take 22 days. Therefore, the effect of life on the anticipated particle pollution is compared to smoking, double the use of alcohol and drugs, three times more unsafe water, five times of HIV / AIDS and more than 25 times of conflict and terrorism. .
"When people can stop smoking and take steps to protect themselves from diseases, they can reduce individually to save themselves from breathing air," Greenstone said.
"AQLI tells citizens and policy makers how particulate pollution affects them and their communities, and shows the benefits of policies to reduce the thin pollution."