The bad old days are back. Crypto prices are in free fall and no one's sure where the bottom lies. Even the mighty Bitcoin was not spared as the $ 6,000 mark-regarded by many as an unofficial floor-and then fell further to below $ 5,000. What's going on?
Three recent events may explain the current collapse. The first is the SEC's announcement on Friday that the operators of two "Initial Coin Offerings" (ICOs) broke the law by selling unlicensed securities, and must pay fines and restitution. As others have noted, this is only the beginning: Crypto bros spent most of 2017 poking the SEC bear, and now the bear is awake and ready to mete out a world of punishment. This development may be enough to spook some investors, but it hardly come as a surprise. Anyone paying attention to the regulatory space knew it was coming, and so much of the fallout should have been priced into crypto token prices already.
Likewise, it's hard to see how the last week's Bitcoin Cash fork-a second possible explanation for the crypto crash-could tank the market so badly. Sure, the fork was messy and created renewed centralization concerns over Bitcoin Cash. This hurt the price of Bitcoin Cash, and possibly spread contagion to the rest of the market. But Bitcoin Cash has always been dodgy and dysfunctional, and the crypto world has watched forks before, so it's hard to see how this triggered the crash.
This leaves a third possibility: Crypto investors got spooked by bad news from chip-makers Nvidia and Advanced Micro Devices, which recently reported the steep sales declines for cryptocurrency equipment. The sales declines suggest interest in crypto has waned, and is unlikely to pick up anytime soon. This can explain the chill on crypto asset prices, but also raises a chicken-and-egg question: Is it the chip makers' misery a cause of the collapse, or just another symptom of it?
It's possible, of course, that it was a conflation of all three events that KO'd the crypto markets. That would be welcome news for investors, in a sense, because it would mean individual shocks explain the downturn-and markets to recover from shocks.
There is, however, a more existential explanation for the collapse: the whole thing is a bust. This is the position of tech executive Sam Gellman who, in a thoughtful series of tweets, points out that crypto has sucked up $ 30 billion in ICO money in two years and has not delivered a user base beyond crypto speculators. It's been ten years since Bitcoin came out, he says, and there is a little of value to show for it. Needless to say, plenty of folks are popping up to refute Gellman but if he's right, look for investors to keep rushing for the exits.
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