Friday , January 22 2021

Detecting Depression: Researchers Tested Phone Apps to Monitor Teen Organ



By Lindsay Tener / Associated PressUS Suicide rates and depression in adolescents and young adults have forced the researchers to ask the provocative question: Can some people find responsible for contributing to the technology-age angle?

These ideas have sparked a growing race of apps that warn of mental health hazards. Call smartphone psychotherapy or child psychology 2.0.

Studies have used a heavy smartphone with the alleged youth mental health. But teenagers scroll through the Instagram and Snapechat, tap texts or watch YouTube videos, they also leave digital footprints, which can provide hints for their psychological well-being.

According to preliminary studies, changes in typing speed, voice tone, Word selection, and how often children live at home can be inconvenient.

The former head of the National Institute of Mental Health and now the leader of the smartphone psychiatry movement Dr. Thomas Insell, 1,000 smartphones for "depression" may be "biomarkers".

Researchers examine experimental applications that use artificial intelligence to try to predict depression episodes or potential self-harm.

University of Illinois & amp; # 39; Chicago Application Development and Associate Professor of Psychiatry and Bioengineering at the Chicago Campus Exx Leo said, "We are tracking the heart rate in the human brain."

At least, it's a target. There are technical and ethical signals working – including privacy issues and ensuring that children are allowed to observe aloud. Developers say that, commercially available mood-detecting apps might not have been for years – but decades away.

Oregon psychologist Nick Allen University said, "People often believe that these things are terrible" because of the unsatisfactory tracking of online texts for technical purposes due to technological purposes.

Using smartphones as mental illness detectors, users will need a proposed consent to install the app, "Allen, who is being tested on young people trying to commit suicide, said they can withdraw the permit at any time."

"The biggest obstacle at the moment," said Elena, "What is the signal and what is the sound to know about – What is it in the vast quantities of people who collect people on their phones, indicating the mental health crisis."

Depression is approximately 3 million US Affects the adolescents, and rates have increased in the last decade. In 2017, 13 percent of people aged 12 to 17 years were depressed, more than 8 percent in 2010, the U.S. Government data show One of the 10 college-age Americans is influenced.

Suicide for 10 to 34 year olds has increased for the second leading cause of death. Rates of teen girls doubled from 2007 to 2015, increasing from 100,000 to 5. And among the boys, every 100,000 went up 30% to 14.

One recent study suggests that parallel addition to the use of smartphones contributed.

People with mental illness usually "get treatment when they are in an emergency and are late in an illness." We want to create a method of identifying initial signs, "For one purpose, Insel said.

If smartphones are proven to be a definite mood prediction, developers say that they have to use it to provide realistic targets, links to support of automated text messages and lines, or to provide parents, doctors, and first responders with digital alerts.

Facebook is already doing the same thing called "active activation". After livestream suicide, Facebook sued her AI Systems were trained to flag some words or phrases in online posts, which could cause self-harm. Comments of friends expressing concern about the well-being of the user are part of the equation.

Facebook's CEO Mark Zuckerberg announced in November that, "In the last year, we have helped first responders reach almost 3,500 people globally," said Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg. Facebook has not announced the results of those cases.

Current research includes:

■ A Stanford University study involves about 200 teens, including children who are at risk of depression due to bullying, family circumstances, or other life stress. As part of the research, teenagers tracked by grade teenagers receive an experimental phone application that survey three times a day for three weeks with questions about their mood.

Researchers combine those answers with idle smartphone data, including how many active or balanced children are there to identify any changes associated with future depression.

Study participant Laurel Foster, 15, academics and "normal" youth feel stress on the pressure of friendship and says that she is enormous in the San Francisco High School. She said that the use of a smartphone app seems a bit like spying, but the habits of users from many online sites are already tracked "is not really a really big difference."

Laurel said, "You think it's really good to find what you are pushing," backing up the idea of ​​using a smartphone to answer that question, Laurel said.

■ At UCLA, in part 2017 as part of a comprehensive effort to combat campus depression, researchers have offered online counseling and experimental phone applications to students who signify mild depression on screening testing. About 250 new people agreed to use the app in the first year. Personal sensitivity data collected from the app is analyzed to see how it relates to any degradation or correction in depression symptoms found in the Internet.

Sophomer Elisa Lizaraga, who had an app on her phone for about six months, says that she was "a little like a big brother thing." I felt half way like that, and the other half felt that I was hoping it would be useful.

19-year-old Lizagaga, Whitierre, Calif. High school has depression. She worries that she is "addicted" to her phone and spends a lot of time on social media sites. She said, "People need to look at my best", she said, and sometimes takes them down as compared with other people.

But using smartphones positively for mental health can help people discover early treatment, if they can see how their use of the phone shows signs of depression.

■ Researchers studying depression and menia at the University of Illinois' Chicago campus, Bipolar disorder, are using crowdsourcing to test their experimental phone app. Any free app can download, and about 2,000 so far, researchers have agreed to allow continuous tracking of things such as typing speed, keystrokes, and spell checking. Participants include healthy people, and their data will assist zero researchers in the changes to the phone's use of signals that indicate signs of mood problems, as the psychoanalysis and bioengineering expert helped develop it.

This study is for people aged 18 and above, but if work is proven to work, then technology can be used in children too, said Leo.

■ Coordinated by Mindstrong, Palo Alto, Calif., Techno Health Company, Insell, former NIH officer, it examines the "digital phenotyping" application in many studies. Insell thinks that technology promotes a change in psychology, but it is the most important question that can be used to improve patient health.

■ Indeed, Google's parent company Alphabet's Tech Health Arm is developing similar applications, but refused to issue a statement from his mental health leader, Menacham Form. They mentioned two main goals: predictions of someone's mental health and their symptoms and "discover new types of diseases that can suggest treatment decisions."Speech


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